Posted by: maboulette | April 25, 2017

Visas Program for Highly Skilled Workers Targets


skilled works

President Trump headed to the politically important state of Wisconsin last Tuesday to sign an order aimed at decreasing abuses in a visa program used by tech companies that depend on highly-skilled foreign workers.

“BUY AMERICAN, HIRE AMERICAN”

The order, nicknamed “Buy American, Hire American,” marks a return to the populism Trump seemed to all but abandoned with a series of recent reversals on economic policies.

SIGN DIRECTIVE

Trump will sign this directive at the headquarters of tool manufacturer Snap-on Inc. in Kenosha, Wisconsin, a state he barely carried in November on the strength of support from white, working class voters. But Trump is currently facing a 41% approval in the state.

H-1B VISA

Trump is aiming at the H-1B visa program, which the White House says weakens American workers by bringing in large numbers of cheaper, foreign workers, and driving down wages.

ARGUMENT

The tech industry has argued that the H-1B program is needed because it inspires students to stay in the U.S. after getting degrees in high-tech specialties — and they can’t always find enough American workers having the skills they need.

ORDER DIRECT U.S.

The order would direct U.S. agencies to suggest rules to avoid immigration fraud and abuse in the program. They would also be asked to offer changes so that H-1B visas are awarded to the “most-skilled or highest-paid applicants,” said administration officials who spoke on the condition of anonymity in spite of the president’s frequent criticism of the use of anonymous sources.

OFFICIALS

The officials said the order also seeks to support requirements that American-made products be used in definite federal construction projects, as well as in many federal transportation grant-funded projects. The Secretary of Commerce will evaluate how to close loopholes in rules that already exist and deliver sanctions to the president.

ASK REVIEW WAIVERS

The order specially asks the secretary to assess waivers of these rules in free-trade agreements. The waivers could be renegotiated or revoked if they are not benefiting the United States.

VISIT TO WISCONSIN

Trump’s visit to Wisconsin takes him to the congressional district of House Speaker Paul Ryan, who will not be joining the president because he’s on a congressional trip visiting NATO countries.

CAMPAIGNED

Trump campaigned on populist promises to stand up to China, which he claimed was manipulating its currency as well as stealing American jobs, and to remove the Export-Import bank, which he billed as wasteful subsidy. In a series of interviews last week, Trump overturned himself on both positions

PLEDGED

And while he has long pledged to support American goods and workers, his own business record is varied. Many Trump-branded products, like clothing, are made overseas. And his businesses have hired foreign workers, including at his Palm Beach club Mar-a-Lago.

DURING CAMPAIGN

During his campaign, Trump said at one point that he sustained high-skilled visas then opposed them. At one debate, he said: “It’s very bad for our workers and it’s unfair for our workers. And we should end it.”

POTENTIAL CHANGES

The officials said potential changes could be administrative or legislative and could include higher fees for the visas, changing the wage scale for the program or other advantages.

CRITICS

Critics say the program has been stolen by staffing companies that use the visas to recruit foreigners — often from India — who will work for less than Americans. The staffing companies then sell their services to corporate clients who use them to outsource tech work.

EMPLOYERS

Employers, such as Walt Disney World and the University of California in San Francisco, have laid off tech employees and changed them with H-1B visa holders. The U.S. workers are sometimes asked to train their replacements to qualify for severance packages.

PROFESSOR IN PUBLIC POLICY

Ronil Hira, a professor in public policy at Howard University and a opponent of the H-1B program, said Trump’s planned order is “better than nothing.” But he added, “It’s not as aggressive as it needs to be.”

TRAVELED LESS

Trump has traveled to endorse his agenda less than his recent predecessors. White House spokesman Sean Spicer said Trump wanted to visit “a company that builds American-made tools with American workers.”

CARRIED WISCONSIN

Trump carried Wisconsin in November by nearly 23,000 votes — less than 1 percentage point — making him the first Republican to win the state since 1984. He campaigned on the promise of returning manufacturing jobs that have been lost in Upper Midwest states.

SNAP-ON

Snap-on makes hand and power tools, diagnostics software, information and management systems, and shop equipment for use in numerous industries, including:

  • Agriculture;
  • Military;

It has eight manufacturing sites in North America employing about 11,000 people worldwide.

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